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Novel Structural Design of a Bicycle Saddle to Fulfill Cyclist Physiological Requirements

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 3 ]


Wei-Long Chen and Fang-Lin Chao*   Pages 396 - 403 ( 8 )


Background: The perineum area that interacts with the saddle is vulnerable; compressing neurovascular tissues has been asserted as the link to pathologies. Existing saddle designs are mainly based on the hole blocks, which are composed of two materials. These composite combined structures increase manufacturing difficulty.

Objective: The injection molding technology is suitable for mass production. We proposed a saddle design to meet the ergonomic requirements of cyclists. Saddle frames present a continuous curvature geometry to ensure improved injection modeling.

Methods: Static numerical calculations and measurements were employed for vertical load evaluations with different stiffness regions acquired using perforated chain patterns. Two-step plastic injection molding was utilized with proper bonding and processing compatibility. In prototyping, the first and second shots are PC and TPE, respectively.

Results: The frame sustains vertical loadings from bending and provides adequate stiffness and proper flexibility. The computer-aided design mold increases the contact area, and annular grooves increase the adhesion between two materials. The outer frame exhibits high rigidity; the middle area exhibits flexibility and high deformation.

Conclusion: This question is widely noticed and various answers have been proposed. By investigating the patent database and searching journal papers on saddle designs, the authors confirmed the novelty of the proposed structure.


Bicycle saddle, structural design, cyclist needs, patent analysis, physiological requirements, novel structure.


Department of Aeronautical Engineering, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taichung, Taiwan, Department of Industrial Design, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taichung, Taiwan1

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