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A Seven-layered Model Architecture, Network Model, Protocol Stack, Security, Application, Issues and Challenges in Internet of Vehicle

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 4 ]


Intyaz Alam*, Sushil Kumar and Pankaj Kumar Kashyap   Pages 8 - 19 ( 12 )


Background: Recently, the Internet of Things (IoT) has brought various changes in the existing research field by including new areas such as smart transportation, smart home facilities, smart healthcare, etc. In smart transportation systems, vehicles contain different components to access information related to passengers, drivers, vehicle speed, and many more. This information can be accessed by connecting vehicles with the Internet of Things leading to new fields of research known as Internet of Vehicles. The setup of the Internet of Vehicle (IoV) consists of many sensors to establish a connection with several other sensors belonging to different environments by exploiting different technologies. The communication of the sensors faces a lot of challenging issues. Some of the critical challenges are to maintain security in information exchanges among the vehicles, inequality in sensors, quality of internet connection, and storage capacity.

Objective: To overcome the challenging issues, we have designed a new framework consisting of seven-layered architecture, including the security layer, which provides seamless integration by communicating with the devices present in the IoV environment. Further, a network model consisting of four components such as Cloud, Fog, Connection, and Clients has been designed. Finally, the protocol stack which describes the protocol used in each layer of the proposed seven-layered IoV architecture has been shown.

Methods: In this proposed architecture, the representation and the functionalities of each layer and types of security have been defined. Case studies of this seven-layer IoV architecture have also been performed to illustrate the operation of each layer in real-time. The details of the network model including all the elements inside each component have also been shown.

Results: We have discussed some of the existing communication architectures and listed a few challenges and issues occurring in present scenarios. Considering these issues, we have developed the seven-layered IoV architecture and the network model with four essential components known as the cloud, fog, connection, and clients.

Conclusion: This proposed architecture provides a secure IoV environment and provides life safety. Hence, safety and security will help to reduce the cybercrimes occurring in the network and thereby provide good coordination and communication of the vehicles in the network.


Internet of Vehicles (IoV), Vehicular ad-hoc Network (VANETs), layer architecture, network model, protocols, security, sensors.


School of Computer and Systems Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, School of Computer and Systems Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, School of Computer and Systems Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi

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