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Analysis of Senegal Type Vertical Axis Wind Turbines Arrangement in Wind Farm

Author(s):

Li Zheng*, Zhang Wenda, Han Ruihua and Qi Weiqiang   Pages 1 - 17 ( 17 )

Abstract:


Background: In a wind farm, the wind speed of the downstream wind turbine will be lower than the wind speed of the upstream wind turbine due to the influence of the wake. Therefore, the wake of wind turbines is one of the uncertain factors predicting the annual power generation of the wind farms. The study on the wake can effectively improve the efficiency of power generation. The arrangement of vertical axis wind turbines in wind farms is rarely studied. Therefore, it is important to study the vertical layout of wind turbines under the influence of wakes to obtain the best layout and unit spacing. Objective: The objective of this study is to obtain the optimal layout and unit distance of wind turbines in Senegal wind farms by studying the arrangement of Senegal vertical axis wind turbines in wind farms.

Method: Based on the ANSYS CFX flow field calculation module, the fluid dynamics model of the Senegal fan was established and the flow field simulation analysis was carried out. Based on the Jensen wake model and its improved model, three layout methods for the wind farm wind turbines were proposed: two units were arranged in series, two units were arranged in parallel, and three units were staggered. Through the simulation model, the wind energy utilization coefficient and wind speed of the wind turbine in the wind farm were obtained.

Results: The optimal separation distance between the units was analyzed from four different angles: wind energy utilization coefficient, torque analysis, downstream tail flow and wind speed cloud contour. Finally, based on the optimal arrangement and unit distance, a triangular staggered wind farm composed of 10 units was established, and the integrated flow field characteristics of the whole wind farm were simulated and analyzed. The integrated flow field wake characteristics of the wind farm were obtained.

Conclusion: In all the three arrangements, the optimum distance between the units must be three times the diameter of the wind turbine. This arrangement ensures that most of the units are unaffected by the wake, the area affected by the low-velocity wake of the wind farm is small, and the area affected by the high-speed wake is large.

Keywords:

Senegal wind turbine, Arrangement Analysis, Jensen Wake Model, Wind Farm, Flow Field Simulation

Affiliation:

School of Electrical Engineering, Hebei University of Science and Technology, Shijiazhuang 050018, Hebei Province, School of Electrical Engineering, Hebei University of Science and Technology, Shijiazhuang 050018, Hebei Province, School of Electrical Engineering, Hebei University of Science and Technology, Shijiazhuang 050018, Hebei Province, School of Electrical Engineering, Hebei University of Science and Technology, Shijiazhuang 050018, Hebei Province



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