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Improved K-means Clustering Algorithm and its Applications

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Hui Qi, Jinqing Li, Xiaoqiang Di*, Weiwu Ren and Fengrong Zhang   Pages 403 - 409 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Background: K-means algorithm is implemented through two steps: initialization and subsequent iterations. Initialization is to select the initial cluster center, while subsequent iterations are to continuously change the cluster center until it won't change any more or the number of iterations reaches its maximum. K-means algorithm is so sensitive to the cluster center selected during initialization that the selection of a different initial cluster center will influence the algorithm performance. Therefore, improving the initialization process has become an important means of K-means performance improvement.

Methods: This paper uses a new strategy to select the initial cluster center. It first calculates the minimum and maximum values of the data in a certain index (For lower-dimensional data, such as twodimensional data, features with larger variance, or the distance to the origin can be selected; for higher-dimensional data, PCA can be used to select the principal component with the largest variance), and then divides the range into equally-sized sub-ranges. Next adjust the sub-ranges based on the data distribution so that each sub-range contains as much data as possible. Finally, the mean value of the data in each sub-range is calculated and used as the initial clustering center.

Results: The theoretical analysis shows that although the time complexity of the initialization process is linear, the algorithm has the characteristics of the superlinear initialization method. This algorithm is applied to two-dimensional GPS data analysis and high-dimensional network attack detection. Experimental results show that this algorithm achieves high clustering performance and clustering speed.

Conclusion: This paper reduces the subsequent iterations of K-means algorithm without compromising the clustering performance, which makes it suitable for large-scale data clustering. This algorithm can not only be applied to low-dimensional data clustering, but also suitable for highdimensional data.

Keywords:

Clustering, K-means, GPS, Network attack detection, algorithm, applications.

Affiliation:

School of Computer Science and Technology, Changchun University of Science and Technology, Changchun, School of Computer Science and Technology, Changchun University of Science and Technology, Changchun, School of Computer Science and Technology, Changchun University of Science and Technology, Changchun, School of Computer Science and Technology, Changchun University of Science and Technology, Changchun, Northeast Normal University, Changchun

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